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POTENTIAL OF MICROBIAL CHITINASES IN AGRICULTURE: NEW ADVANCEMENT. Kuddus M

POTENTIAL OF MICROBIAL CHITINASES IN AGRICULTURE: NEW ADVANCEMENT.

Kuddus M

International Journal of Applied Microbiology Science 2014; 3(1):1-9

Abstract

The agricultural pests and pathogens are well known candidate that poses most serious problems worldwide in the cultivation of economically important plants. The development of resistance and negative impact of chemical pesticides on the environment has provoked to develop biopesticides for the control of important agricultural pests which do not leave any harmful effect on the environment. Chitinases are hydrolytic enzymes that break down glycosidic bonds of insoluble chitin and produce its oligo and monomeric components that have wide range of biotechnological applications, especially in agriculture for biocontrol of phytopathogenic fungi and harmful insects. The enzyme chitinase is found in broad range of organisms, including bacteria, fungi, insects, crustaceans, invertebrates and in higher plants. The commercial application of microbial chitinase is attractive due to the relative ease of large-scale production as compared to other source of chitinase and to meet the current world demands. This article comprises recent advancement in microbial sources of chitinase and its applications in food and agriculture sectors.

Keywords: Antifungal, biopesticides, chitinase, chitinolytic microbes, chito-oligosaccharides
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