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TECHNOLOGIES AND MODERN TRENDS FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION USING CELLULOSIC AGRICULTURAL WASTES. P Saranraj, D Stella

TECHNOLOGIES AND MODERN TRENDS FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION USING CELLULOSIC AGRICULTURAL WASTES. P Saranraj, D Stella

International Journal of Applied Microbiology Science 2012;1(2); 1-12.


Abstract

Global warming alerts and threats are on the rise due to the utilization of fossil fuels. Alternative fuel sources like bioethanol and biodiesel are being produced to combat against these threats. Bioethanol can be produced from a range of substrates. Cellulose rich substances which are generated in tons in agricultural countries like India can be used for the production of bioenergy in the form of bioethanol with the help of microbial catalytic enzyme cellulose. Celluloses and hemicelluloses, when hydrolyzed into their component sugars, can be converted into ethanol through well established fermentation technologies. In this review, technologies and modern trends for bioethanol production using cellulosic agricultural wastes is discussed. This review assesses the following topics: cellulose in agriculture waste, raw materials for bioethanol production, microorganisms for bioethanol production, ethanol production technologies, cellulosic ethanol, current bioethanol production processes and trends in bioethanol production development. Indeed, the world's strongest economies are deeply committed to the development of technologies aiming at the use of renewable sources of energy. In this view, the substitution with fuel, bioethanol is of foremost importance.

Keywords: Agricultural wastes, Bioethanol, Cellulose and Microorganisms.
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