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A REVIEW ON PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND BIOASSAY OF SYZYGIUM CUMINI. Sowjanya KM, Swathi J, Narendra K, Krishna Satya A

A REVIEW ON PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND BIOASSAY OF SYZYGIUM CUMINI.

Sowjanya KM, Swathi J, Narendra K, Krishna Satya A

International Journal of Natural Product Science 2013; 3(2): 1-11

Abstract

Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels is commonly called as Jamun. It is spread throughout India and other tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The tree has an enormous fiscal value since most of the parts like bark, leaves, seed and fruits are used as alternative medicine to treat a variety of diseases especially diabetes. In the present review, we try to give the existing information on phytochemical constituents, conventional medicinal uses and other biological activities of Syzygium cumini. The plant has been viewed as an anti-diabetic plant as it became commercially used since several years ago. During last few decades it has been observed that there are numerous reports on antidiabetic activity of this plant. It is enriched with a number of compounds such as anthocyanins, glucoside, kaemferol, isoquercetin, ellagic acid and seeds contain alkaloids, jambosine and antimelin. The extract of various parts of Syzygium cumini showed significant pharmacological activities so it is necessary to perform further investigation to isolate such pharmacological active compounds which can be used in production of novel drugs for various diseases.

Keywords: Conventional medicine, Pharmacological activity, phytochemical constituents.
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