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A COMPREHENSIVE TAXO-PHYTO-COLOGICAL OVER VIEW OF TWO VALUABL MEDICINAL PLANTS, ZYZIPHYS OENOPLIA MILL AND ZYZIPHUS MAURITIANA LAM. Pulak Majumder

A COMPREHENSIVE TAXO-PHYTO-COLOGICAL OVER VIEW OF TWO VALUABL MEDICINAL PLANTS, ZYZIPHYS OENOPLIA MILL AND ZYZIPHUS MAURITIANA LAM.

Pulak Majumder

International Journal of Natural Product Science 2012; 2(3):1-14

Abstract

The genus of Zyziphus consist of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. In traditional healing system, this two species of medicinal plant are being used for its astringent and bitter properties. They are commonly employed for various ailments such as, anthelmintic including ascaris infection; digestive like hyperacidity, stomachalgia and healing of wounds etc. It has remarkably tasted on different pharmacological screening methods in all over the world and along with the isolation of different valuable phytoconstituents like different alkaloids, zizyphine-A and zizpyhine-B. betulinic acid, d-glucose, d-fructose, sucrose and unidentified polysaccharides, Betulinic acid, sativanine-C, sativanine-G, sativanine-E, sativanine-H, sativanine-F, sativanine-D and sativanine-K, saponins, mauritine-A, mucronine-D, amphibine-H, nummularine-A and -B, sativanine-A and sativanine-B, frangulanine, nummularine-B and mucronine etc. With this immense volubility of these plants, it is therefore, necessary to document the plants and take efficient steps to conserve them and explore the maximum benefit for the human beings as well as pharmaceutical industry.

Key words: Zyziphus, Taxonomy, Pharmacology, Phytochemistry.
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