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HERBAL MEDICINES IN ALZHEIMER DISEASE. Modi Priyanka, Kaur Amardeep, Kaur Simerjeet, Gill Shreen

HERBAL MEDICINES IN ALZHEIMER DISEASE.

Modi Priyanka, Kaur Amardeep, Kaur Simerjeet, Gill Shreen

International Journal of Natural Product Science 2012: Spl Issue 1:252.

Abstract(RBIP-252)

There are quite a number of natural pills, vitamins, herbs, herbal extracts, nutritional supplements and formulas that are promoted to enhance memory and cognitive function.In traditional practices of Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine, numerous plants have been used to treat cognitive disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. The herbs acting on the brain are called Nootropic herbs and their isolated constituents are referred to as smart drugs. These herbs enhance the memory as well as increase blood circulation in the brain.Alzheimer s disease (AD) is characterized by profound memory loss sufficient to interfere with social and occupationalfunctioning. It is the most common form of dementia, affecting more than 20 million people worldwide. AD is characterized by an insidious loss of memory, associated functional decline, and behavioral disturbances.Although some Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs are available for the treatment ofAlzheimer's disease, the outcomes are often unsatisfactory, and there is a place for alternative medicine, in particular, herbal medicine. Many drugs currently available in Western medicine were originally isolated from plants, or are derived from templates of compounds isolated from plants. Some anticholinesterase alkaloids isolated from plants have been investigated for their potential in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, and are now in clinical use. Galantamine, isolated from several plants including Lycoris radiata herb, which was used in traditional Chinese medicine, is used for the treatment of mild to moderate AD. Various other plant species, including ginkgo biloba, have shown pharmacological activities relevant to the treatment of cognitive disorders.Other names of potential herbs that could help enhance cognitive function are Withania somnifera,Curcuma longa,Bacopa monnierietc.
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