REVIEW OF CAJANUS CAJAN AS IMPORTANT MEDICINAL PLANT. Birjatinder Singh, Sarabjit Kaur
REVIEW OF CAJANUS CAJAN AS IMPORTANT MEDICINAL PLANT.
Birjatinder Singh, Sarabjit Kaur
International Journal of Natural Product Science 2012: Spl Issue 1:140.
Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea) belonging to a family leguminosae , is an important pulse or grain legume crop in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Belonging to the subtrib Cajaninae within the tribe Phasealeae, the genus Cajanus comprises 32 species of which Cajanus cajan is the only commercially cultivated species. About 90% of the world production of pigeonpea is grown in India. As a source of high value protein it plays an important role in the nutrition of mainly vegetarian or very poor populations of India and Eastern Africa, especially Kenya. It mainly contains flavonoids (quercetin, luteolin, apigenin, iosrhamnetin), isoflavonoids (cajanin, cajanol) and stilbene (longistylin A and C). Flavonoids has antibacterial,antifungal antiviral,anticancer and anti-inflammatory effects.The leaves are prepared as infusion for anaemia, hepatitis, diabetes, urinary infections, yellow fever, and genital and other skin irritations, especially in females, while floral decoctions are used for bronchitis, coughs, pneumonia, dysentery and menstrual disorders. . The plant is reported to be beneficial in treatment of various ailments. Thus we can arrive at conclusion that there exists good scope of further exploration of such plants.