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MICROSCOPY OF RUDRAKSHA SACRED SEEDS-THE TRADITIONAL PANACEA. Harinderjit Singh, Balbir Singh

MICROSCOPY OF RUDRAKSHA SACRED SEEDS-THE TRADITIONAL PANACEA.

Harinderjit Singh, Balbir Singh

International Journal of Natural Product Science 2012: Spl Issue 1:138.


Abstract(RBIP-138)

Elaeocarpus ganitrus ROXB. (Syn. E. sphaericus (Gaertn) K. Schum; family Elaeocarpaceae), commonly known as Rudraksha is popular for its attractive fruit stones and for medicinal uses. In Ayuerveda it is used as cerebral sedative, expectorant, liver tonic and febrifuge and is useful in epileptic fits, melancholia, manic conditions, mental disorders, convulsions, insomania, cephalagia, hypertension and bronchitis, etc. Microscopy is one of the parameter for authentication of crude drugs. Both section and powder characters were studied. In sectional view, the seed was elliptical and consisted of a membranous seed coat. There was a prominent funicle at one end of the seed. The seed coat enclosed a dense cellular endosperm. The endosperm cells are in parallel compact rows. They extend from periphery to the centre; the cells are squarish and thin walled. The cells towards the periphery are smaller and they become gradually larger towards the centre of the seed. Cell inclusions: - The endosperm cells have large calcium oxalate druses or sphaerocrystals. The crystals are either one or two per cell. They are random in distribution. The druses are 10 μm in diameter. Powder microscopy of the fruit sclerotesta: - The stony endocarp or sclerotesta consists of only sclereids. No other cell types or cell inclusions are evident in the powder. The sclereids may be short or elongated. The short sclereids are isodiametric. The sclereid walls are highly lignified. The cells have wide lumen with brownish content.
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